Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Patches of irregular dark spots usually triggered by sun exposure or hormones characterize it. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Melanin is also what protects the skin from harmful UV rays of the sun. Skin pigmentation disorders occur because the body produces either too much or too little melanin. Changes in skin color can result from external causes too. For example, skin diseases such as acne may leave dark spots after the condition clears. Freckles, age spots and other darkened skin patches can become darker or more pronounced when skin is exposed to the sun – another reason why it’s important to always wear sunscreen.
Pigmentation disorders are usually treated with chemical peels, advanced skin brightening peel, antioxidant treatment and sublative lasers.